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BBC World News

News/Business. Matt Frei, Katty Kay. International issues. (CC) (Stereo)

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Oscar Pistorius 9, Pretoria 4, Billiton 3, Athens 3, Greece 2, Kansas 2, Kansas City 2, Vermont 2, Newman 2, David Cameron 2, Stowe 2, Honolulu 2, India 2, New York 2, Elaina 2, Bbc 2, United Health Care 2, China 1, Wellington 1, Dementia-friendly City 1,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business. Matt Frei, Katty Kay.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    February 20, 2013
    7:00 - 7:30am EST  

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. united health care. union bank and fidelity investments. your personal economy is made up of things that matter most like your career. rethink how you are invested and refocus as your career moves forward. wherever you are today, a fidelity ira has a wide range of investment choices that can
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fit your personal economy. fidelity investments. turn here. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. hat can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> hello. you're watching gmt on "bbc world news" world news. i'm dana. our top stories. oscar pistorius on the second day of his bail hearing. police they they found testosterone and needles and unlicensed things at his home.
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his girlfriend was found wearing a vest and shorts. the latest from pretoria. event a alled an deeply shameful event. >> and global soccer teams feet in asia to work out ways of tackling the corruption that affects every continent where the game is played. also in the program jamie takes a look at what's happening in business and trouble down the mines. >> yes. the world's biggest mining companies all losing chief executives. b.h.p. falling hard on the heels of xstrata and others. why have they all decided it's time for a change? >> it's 12:00 noon here in
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london. 7:00 a.m. in washington and 2:00 in the afternoon in the south african capital of pretoria where the prosecution at the bail hearing of oscar pistorius have been setting out their case against him. court one detective described how a witness explained non-stop shouting between oscar pistorius and his girlfriend were heard at the time of her killing. oscar pistorius denies deliberately killing her. he said he thought he was shooting an intruder. >> as a sporting hero, he was used to a spotlight. here in the back of a police car on his way to court he tries to hide from the glare of the cameras. oscar pistorius' defense team rainfalls. their task so get him bail and persuade the judge that there were exceptional circumstances. inside the courtroom his family was there to support him on this, the second day of a hearing that feels more like a mini trial.
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oscar pistorius insists he is not guilty of the premeditated murder of his girlfriend last week, that it was a terrible accident. in court he is a tormented figure frequently breaking down in tears after he heard how his girlfriend had been hit by burlts in the bullets. the chief investigating officer says needles and testosterone were found at his house although the defense says it was an herbal remedy. to be looked him at as a flight threat. the police say she was in a locked toilet and the angle at which the shots were fired
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through the door suggested the gun had been deliberately aimed at someone on the toiled. on the toilet. he said yesterday he and his girlfriend had been in bed and he woke up and heard a noise in the bathroom and it was pitch dark and he didn't have his felt etic legs on and vulnerable and thought a burglar was in the bathroom. his trial is not expected for several months. >> let's get latest now. the bbc's in pretoria. the bail hearing still going on today, tell us what you found interesting. what kind of key facts have emerged? >> well, the investigating officer came up guns blazing
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alleging the testosterone found on the side of the bed and of course the defense said that this was not true because contents of the bottle was actually an herbal remedy which is used by athletes and it is absolutely not illegal. and we have seen of course oscar breaking down several times in court as the state prosecutor and the investigating officer talked about his girlfriend's injuries, and we have also been talking about the fact that the defense in dismantling the prosecution's case, because it does seem oscar's case is simply better than that of the state, and chances are he could be granted bail if he can prove that he is not a flight risk and will not intimidate state witnesses. >> and tell us about the detective that talked about the woman who had apparently heard
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screams and shouting coming from oscar pistorius' home. what was said about that in court? >> well, according to the investigating officer, they say there is a woman who is now a state witness who heard screaming and shouting in the form of an argument about 600 meters away from oscar's house and the defense is refuting it saying how could this witness have known it was shouting when she was actually 600 meters away? so that as well is being tested in court. >> and what kind of reaction has there been in court as we hear both sides putting on their cases. >> well, oscar has been very, very emotional. on occasion he has been breaking down, and we have seen his family holding hands in prayer most of the time, especially when the prosecutor
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was speaking and when there's the investigating officer was putting allegations forth in to put holes in oscar pistorius' version and there were moments when oscar looked more confident in court particularly when his lawyer put holes in the state prosecutor's version of what had occurred and of course trying to disprove that this was not indeed a case of premeditated murder. >> thank you very much indeed. outside the court in pretoria on the second day of the bail hearing of oscar pistorius who is expected to be charged with the murder of his girlfriend. other news in brief. the prime minister of bulgaria has said his government will resign on the day of massive protest over soaring electricity bills. he tried to calm the violent demonstraters by promising to slash electricity prices and
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punishing foreign-owned companies. >> the bodies appointed to advice on new laws, it's the first time in the conservative kingdom that women have been allowed to hold any political office. in the sea shered grief are accusing a japanese whaling ship of ramming their vessels and say it was their worst confrontation and one said it was checking the allegations. >> experts and mining companies are meeting in sidney, australia to discuss if possibility of extracting minerals and precious minerals from arrest troids and planets. some say despite the huge cost and technical difficulties, it means remote involve control mining might only be a decade away. now jamie is joining me in the studio with the latest business
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news. first of all, as we said iran, trouble down the mine. >> b.h.p. one is b.h.p. billiton, the biggest mining company. it's got profits largely because of reduced demand. the other side is it's replacing its chief executive following the replacement of manyo exeef executives in the mining industries. but first the slump in earnings, profits in the world's biggest mine tumbled. down to $4.3 billion. not a bad sum, it has to be said. but b.h.p. billiton produces and it's fallen due to reduced demand from the factories. all of that is pretty much known about. but in addition to these earnings, b.h.p. billiton also announced its -- here is going to be replaced in may. replaced by the head of its copper business.
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it's the latest in the long line of mining c.e.o.'s so step down. the rio tinto chef executive is believed to have resigned then the -- xstrata chief executive is also on the way out. jeff larky is head of meddle son mining and i suggested to him these new chief executives were actually quite a different breed from the old ones. >> andrew mckenzie taking over at b.h.p. c.e.o. he is a scientist, an engineer by background, geologist. i think he is going to be focused more on cost cutting and focused diligently on shareholder return and not spending much time at the beginning growing the company. think they are going to sweat the assets and get as much out of them as they can.
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balance sheets wouldn't support big acquisitions anyway. >> and the government in the u.k. has raised significantly less than it hoped from an auction of 4g mobile spectrum. they said just over $3. billion was made from the sale. it had been expected to raise closer to $5.5 billion. the auction in 2000 raised $34 billion. that was 3 g, the third generation of mobile telephones. and hutchison, telefonica and vodafone. now they rain in importance of 4g and why the operators do need it. >> you will remember about 13 years ago we had the 3 g auction and then had 3 g networks build up. they have bawk congested. we're all using our phones to do more like watch movies and play video games. so the 3 g has gotten jammed
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up. this would allow the 4g to build new highways on which to pump that but it's not important enough for them to pay top dollar for the spectrum. >> we'll be looking at that closely. oval swanty we'll talk to later on about this. >> i like that everything, everywhere. >> i like the name e.e. >> now, he didn't go as far as making an apology, but david cameron has become the first serving british prime minister to pay his respects at the massacre in india by forces. he laid a wreath at the 1919 massacre where british troops opened fire on many unarmed protesters. details from there now. >> that is public park where
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the massacre took place only 100 years ago when british soldiers opened fire on a large group of unarmed indians. even today you can see it's a huge draw. hundreds of hundreds of people visit it every day to pay tribute. here at the memorial to the victims who died that day. it's made of stone. it's in the shape of a -- and at its base you can see the white wreath placed there by the british prime minister, david camera. april 13, 1919, hundreds of people gathered here, women and children included and when the soldiers came in, they blocked the only exit out of this place. now look around you. it's completely filled up. there's nowhere to hide so when the soldiers opened fire, it created instant panic. on the wall here you can see bullet marks left behind from
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that day. several of them marked in white and still preserved. more than a thousand rounds were fired and the some jerez only stopped firing when they completely ran out of ammunition. your grandfather was in that crowd, wasn't he? >> yes. he was there on that fateful day. >> how did he get away? >> he said he hid himself behind that stage, and fighting took place for about 10 minutes. 1,500 rounds fired. after that, it was over. he said when he seen that they had left, then he left. >> he emerged when the firing completely stopped? >> yes. >> but not everyone was so lucky. this round structure has been built over a well. it's now called the martyr's
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well because so many women and children dived into it in an effort to get away but failed to do so. it's the reason why this event left its mark on history. winston churchill called ate monstrous incident and mahatma gandhi stated it shook the foundation of the british empire. >> talking about the massacre of 1919. you can see more on "bbc news." next on gmt, an aging population. we're on the road in it lay testing the mood ahead of sunday's elections. a massive fire has destroyed a restaurant in an affluent shopping district in kansas city in the united states. police said the blaze was caused by a gas explosion and probably an accident. at least 14 people were injured in the fire, some of them seriously.
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here are the details of the story on the fire that broke out in kansas. >> on the ground the blaze consumed the building. but it is only from the air where the scale of the fire can truly be realized. this is an upscale shopping area of kansas city. established more than 90 years ago. but now engulfed in flames. firefighters struggled to contain the blaze. believed support is on its way. that the stage it's unclear how the fire started. one line of inquiry is that a utility contractor may have caused an explosion. the injured are brought here to the university of kansas hospital. it runs the region's specialty burn unit. a spokesman for the burn hospital said what the patient saw. >> the patient said there had
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been the smell of gas and that they had evacuated any patrons that employees of the restaurant were in the process of shutting off gas valves and trying to get out of the restaurant when there was the explosion. he said the last thing he remembered was the roof collapsing. >> while extinguishing the blaze is the priority, many will be contemplating how this devastating fire started and what damage has been caused. bbc. >> if you want to get more on that story and all our other features, log on to www.bbc.com/news and go to the world section. >> i'm here with our top stories this hour on gmt. prosecutors in the oscar pistorius trial say a witness heard shouting but the defense
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said the witness was 600 meters away and david cameron becomes the first prime minister to express regret over the massacre in india nearly 100 years ago. >> italians vote in a general election next sunday and monday, and given the poor state of the economy, there's a lot out stake. -- there's a lot at stake. the bbc's correspondent is traveling batrane through northern and central italy to try to get a sense often what italians are thinking. she found a large number of small businesses struggling. >> florence, a city of history, beauty and elegance. but like everywhere else in the economy business the you have. the the world bank says it's harder to do business here,
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corruption and [cri make things difficult for italian workers. >> >> it's getting harder and harder to run a business here apart from the general rules and regulations, it's hard to get credit. and the economic situation is tough. there's not much money around, so starting the new business is difficult. things are going badly. we've got a domestic scrice sis thanks to domestic policies and things over the years and foreign companies which we really need don't want to come ere to invest.
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>> we sell sandwiches and we are in the food business that business is still ok they think, but that is absolutely not true. here in florence there are loads of restaurants, and they are closing everywhere. in fact, we are probably hit first from the crisis. people stop coming to restaurants. they eat at home. >> the structural reforms italy so needs are the common things but italians know it's one thing for their politicians to promise and quite another to deliver. >> probation reporting from florence ahead of the general election in italy this weekend. now the number of people suffering from dementia around the world is expected to double to nearly 65 million by 2030. the condition is hard to diagnosis and even if it's identified early enough, it's expensive to treat. joanie hill has been to a place
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where pioneering work is being done to help people affected by t. >> history flows through the city. every street has a story. but if you can't remember, you can sing. this is the dementia choir. the music stirs memories. here we met nikko and his wife anne kara and elaina. >> she is trying to sing here. >> it's -- everywhere else they focus or zoom in on the person with the disease but here they also have special attention for the caretaker. >> throughout europe it's
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recognized as a dementia-friendly city, and one in which many in the u.k. are keen to emulate copying not just its schemes but more importantly, its attitudes. >> treaters are putting up this sign. it means staff like those in this coffee shop are ready to help. a recognizable safe haven to those in the early stages of dementia. >> do you see many with dementia? >> we do. more and more in fact. >> and so do the police. we joined these as they search for an elderly woman. it's just an exercise, but thousands of people with dementia go missing every year in bell gum. -- in belgium so police made up a database of vulnerable citizens. >> we gather up all this necessary information. so it's all where were they
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seen last time? where were they living before and every minute, every hour counts. >> in this small city alone there are 2,000 people with dementia. 2/3 of them live in the community. specialists dementia counselors help people like these two. he is given practical help and support. she is offered therapy as her husband's condition the develops. >> having dementia is very tough. ut having a city that is sclusive of dementia -- >> the choir relies on vol ears to. it operates on charitable donations so some fear for the future. meanwhile elaina accepts her husband is gone but the rest of any co-'s life is ensured to be secure and happy.
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"bbc world news," bruze. >> that report on dementia which is expected to affect 65 million people by 2030. now thousands of people are on the streets of athens in protest of the government's austerity measures. you're looking at the live pictures and the 25-member walkout by the two largest unions are disrupting transportations to schools and other public services. it's the country's first general strike of this year and renewing tensions between the trade unions and conservative-led government of antonioy and 3,000 police officers this time have been deployed and the strike comes just over a week before international lenders decide on the next installment of greece's bailout. so live pictures there from athens on that protest there by the trades union is continuing to protest against the
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austerity measures imposed by the government and greece is relying on the i.m.f., e.u. and european central bank to help it meet the requirements of trying to beat its debt and emerge from the financial crisis. so live pictures there from athens. and researchers in brazil have for the first time managed to document the birth of a rare giant arm dillo. take a look at these pictures. at the right of your screen. after five months trained on a burrough, a remote camera managed to capture the baby and mother on film. organizations from around the world provided cameras for the project and the footage reveals clues about the lives of this mysterious mammal which can be used to aid conservation efforts in the future. so that is the arm dillo there. it seems to be reaching out for
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something, i think. staying with the animal kingdom, a young royal penguin is receiving treatment after washing up on a beach more than 2,000 kilometers from its home. the penguin was found starving and dehydrated east of wellington. giving you another story on hacking. china says there's no proof its military is behind an international campaign of computer hacking. it follows a report by an american-based computer security company. that's it for the moment for me. stay watching. >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. fidelity investments. union bank. and united health care. >> your personal economy is made up of the things that
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matter most. including your career and as those things change, fidelity the can help you with your retirement plan. rethink how you are invested and refocus as your career moves forward. wherever you are today, a fidelity ira has a wide range of investments that can fit your personal economy. fidelity investments. turn here. >> i was worried the health care system spoke a language all its own. with fidelity health care, i got a language and tools to estimate what it may cost. >> we're more than 78,000 people looking out for more than 70 million americans. that's health in numbers. united health care. "bbc world news" was presented by k
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